Jean du Preez, Chief of External Relations and International Cooperation at the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO), was interviewed by NPTtv at the May 2010 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference in New York.
Read a few quotes below and click the image to watch the video interview.
“Nuclear testing is required to develop nuclear weapons [and] new types of nuclear weapons. The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is very much part of the international community’s effort to provide a framework for nuclear disarmament.”
“We are approaching universalization. The norm against testing is very firm. A moratorium on testing has been in place for many years for many countries. While the North Koreans tested last year, that was already going against international norm. What [the CTBT] is trying to do is to make that international norm legally binding and irreversible.”
“Indonesia announced at this Conference that it will put in place its ratification process. This is a major development! Indonesia is the third largest democracy in the world, it has close ties with the United States, and it is a central state in the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). It’s ratification will not only be symbolic, but provide a much needed momentum in this last stretch.”
“If countries such as China could take the initiative to start a process, [this would provide] indications to the opponents of this Treaty in the United States that other countries are moving forward. […] Of course, China’s ratification is of extreme importance, it is very much linked to that of the United States, I think the world community is waiting for the U.S. ratification that would trigger China. And then who knows, one cannot look into a crystal bowl, but the incentive for other countries to ratify the treaty would be much more once the U.S., China, and Indonesia would be on board.”
“Ultimately, some countries will have to take a decision, a very simple one: does their right to maintain the right to test outweigh the right of the majority of the world to not only live in an environment where testing is not threatening them, but not threatening the basic humanity.”