Today, on 6 February 2012, Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs Marty Natalegawa, presented the formal documentation required to complete his country’s ratification of the CTBT to the UN Secretary-General in New York. CTBTO Executive Secretary Tibor Tóth also participated in the special ceremony.
Thus Indonesia becomes the 157th country to ratify the Treaty!
“I am extremely happy and pleased to see that your government has made the strong commitment to realizing a world free of nuclear weapons,” UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon told FM Natalegawa upon receiving the instrument of ratification of the CTBT. Together, Ban Ki-moon and Marty Natalegawa strongly urged the remaining eight Annex 2 States to move forward with their ratification processes.
“We decided to proceed with the ratification of the CTBT with the hope and expectation that this will encourage other countries, especially Annex 2 States, to do likewise and ensure the coming into effect of the CTBT,” said Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa at the press briefing following his meeting with the UN Secretary General.
CTBTO Executive Secretary Tibor Tóth thanked and congratulated Indonesia and highlighted its leadership role in the broader Asia-Pacific region. “It’s a great day. 20 minutes ago we had nine countries that needed to ratify the Treaty for its entry into force. Now we are down to eight countries,” said Tóth.
“The UN Secretary-General is very pleased to be able to receive the instrument of ratification of the CTBT by Indonesia,” said Sergio Duarte, UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, speaking at the press briefing on behalf of the UN Secretary-General. “It is a very significant moment. The example of Indonesia will give good results in the remaining Annex 2 States,” said Duarte.
Indonesia took the major step towards ratifying the CTBT on 6 December 2011 when the country’s parliament unanimously passed the relevant bill. The event was warmly embraced by world leaders and covered extensively by international media.
The CTBT’s stringent entry-into-force provision prescribes that all 44 designated nuclear technology holder countries must sign and ratify the Treaty in order to bring it into law. With Indonesia’s ratification complete, 36 have now done so. The remaining eight are China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan and the United States.
Besides obtaining one more ratification by an Annex 2 State, Indonesia’s move is also important at the regional level. Indonesia is a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), whose 10 Member States have also concluded the Bangkok Treaty establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in their region. The CTBT has been signed by all ASEAN Member States. Three – Brunei, Myanmar, and Thailand – still have to ratify, as do Indonesia’s neighbours Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka and Timor Leste.
Watch a clip covering the special ceremony with the UN Secretary-General here.
Watch the video of the press briefing following the special ceremony here.
Find the official statements by the UN Secretary-General, the President of the United States and a number of foreign ministers congratulating the Indonesian parliament and supporting the CTBT’s entry into force here.
Watch a video on the Indonesian parliament’s ratification of the CTBT here.