On 22 January the UN Security Council (UNSC) adopted unanimously Resolution 2087 (2013) in response to the rocket launch by North Korea on 12 December 2012. The new resolution tightens sanctions imposed by UNSC resolutions 1718 (2006) and 1874 (2009) adopted respectively in response to the nuclear tests conducted by North Korea.
The new UNSC resolution expressly demands from North Korea to refrain from any new provocations including nuclear tests.
Excerpts from Resolution 2087 (2013):
3. Demands that the DPRK immediately comply fully with its obligations under resolutions 1718 (2006) and 1874 (2009), including that it: abandon all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programs in a complete, verifiable and irreversible manner; immediately cease all related activities; and not conduct any further launches that use ballistic missile technology, nuclear test or any further provocation;
19. Affirms that it shall keep the DPRK’s actions under continuous review and is prepared to strengthen, modify, suspend or lift the measures as may be needed in light of the DPRK’s compliance, and, in this regard, expresses its determination to take significant action in the event of a further DPRK launch or nuclear test;
The CTBTO’s International Monitoring System detected the North Korean nuclear tests on 9 October 2006 and 25 May 2009 and provided the monitoring data and their analyses to its Member States in near-real time.
Official reaction by North Korea
On 23 January, the North Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs, issued a statement carried by state news agency KCNA which warned of “bolstering the military capabilities for self-defence including the nuclear deterrence both qualitatively and quantitatively.”
On 24 January, North Korea’s National Defence Council, issued a new statement through KCNA this time warning of more rocket launches and of “a nuclear test of higher level which will be carried out by it in the upcoming all-out action.”
The UNSC resolution and the two statements by North Korea have received broad media coverage and were met with official reactions. Below, see an overview.
Media coverage and official reactions by other states
Selected official reactions warning North Korea against a nuclear test:
United States – Remarks to Press at Incheon International Airport by Glynn Davies, U.S. Special Representative for North Korea Policy (U.S. Department of State)
South Korea – Park’s special envoy urges N. Korea to make ‘right choice’ (Yonhap)
Selected official reactions (and reports thereon) welcoming the UNSC resolution:
Japan – Comment by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, on the Adoption of a Resolution by the United Nations Security Council on the Launch of the Missile by North Korea, which it calls a “satellite” (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan)
South Korea – UN Security Council Adopts Resolution 2087 Strengthening Sanctions on North Korea (Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Republic of Korea)
China – China says new UN resolution on DPRK “generally balanced” (Xinhua)
France – North Korea – Nuclear and ballistic missile programs (French Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Russia – Russia urges N.Korea to abide by nuclear, missile rules (Reuters)
United Kingdom – UK welcomes UN Security Council resolution on the DPRK (UK Foreign Office)
Germany – Foreign Minister Westerwelle welcomes UN Security Council resolution on North Korea (Foreign Ministry of Germany)
Canada – Baird Urges North Korea to Abandon Nuclear Weapons Program (Government of Canada)