Working translation from French:
“August 6, 2014 – As Japan commemorates the 69th anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Secretary General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon said on Wednesday that he desires to remember these tragedies and he encourages new generations to work towards a world free of nuclear weapons.
“This solemn commemoration is the link between a tragic past and a vision of a future without nuclear weapons,” Ban said in a message read by its High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, Angela Kane during a Memorial Ceremony in Hiroshima.
“The many messages of peace and hope of Hiroshima have educated the world about the devastating humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons, sparking a global campaign focusing on the unacceptability of the use of these weapons,” Ban said.
The hibakusha, survivors of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are the face of this effort and their personal testimonies have touched countless people, he said.
According to Ban Ki-moon, the UN is an indispensable forum for member states and civil society that can work together to advance the vision of a world free of nuclear weapons.
“Let’s push for immediate and concrete progress in the hibakusha and the world may witness the final destruction of the last nuclear weapon,” said Mr. Ban.
69 years after Hiroshima, the testing of nuclear weapons is not allowed.
To mark the 69th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and the 60th World Conference against atomic and hydrogen bombs which takes place over the next two days in Hiroshima, Japan, United Nations Radio turns to the efforts of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization, which is working towards the entry into force of the Treaty.
With 162 countries that have ratified and 183 who have signed the CTBT, the treaty is indeed almost universal, though its entry into force depends on the ratification of 44 specific countries, called “Annex II,” out of which 8 ratifications are missing.
China, Egypt, the United States, India, Iran, Israel, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and Pakistan have in fact not yet ratified the CTBT.
“You have to reassure the country that their national security is through international security and vice versa,” said the Executive Secretary of the CTBT Organization, Lassina Zerbo, whose main mission is to advance the entry into force of this instrument for peace.
The Executive Secretary called on countries to take leadership on the issue.
“China has shown economic leadership we all see today, so it is a question of taking the political leadership to try to bring the United States and create conditions that President Obama may have the necessary votes to take this Treaty for ratification, “said the Executive Secretary, who hopes that this might well lead to a framework of trust that could encourage other countries to do the same.
Nevertheless, the head of the CTBT Organization stresses that any ratification of the eight countries would create the framework of confidence.
The CTBT Organization also works to sensitize civil society and NGOs so that everyone can see the interest of the Treaty for peace and international security.”