Posted by: ctbtonewsroom | October 16, 2014

UNGA First Committee on Disarmament and International Security: CTBT highlighted by many delegations

1stcommittee

Afghanistan: ”Afghanistan is party to both the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the Comprehensive Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) […] We stress the importance of achieving universal adherence to the CTBT and we believe its entry into force will prevent further development and proliferation of these inhuman weapons.”

African Group: ‘’The Group believes that upon its entry into force, the CTBT will provide a further hope of halting future development or proliferation of nuclear weapons.”

Argentina: ”On nuclear disarmament, rhetoric should be set aside and we should achieve the entry into force of the CTBT.”

Australia: ‘’We urge all counties yet to sign and ratify the CTBT without conditions. At this First Committee, Australia with Mexico and New Zealand will present our annual CTBT resolution. We invite all Member States to support and co-sponsor this years’ resolution.”

Austria: ”We urge all member states, in particular the nuclear weapon states, to redouble their efforts to increase the credibility, direction and focus of nuclear disarmament efforts. In this context, Austria would like to call on all the remaining Annex 2 States to take decisive action towards the ratification of the CTBT in advance of the 2015 NPT Review Conference. Its continued lack of entry into force also undermines the credibility and fabric of the global nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime.”

Bangladesh: “Following five decades of struggle against nuclear testing, the CTBT was humanity’s fist silver lining towards a comprehensive globally verifiable non-proliferation regime banning and all nuclear explosions. 30 days within its adoption, Bangladesh and Annex 2 State, had demonstrated its full faith in the CTBT and was the first from South Asia to have signed the treaty in 1996 and ratified it in 2000.”

Belarus: ‘’To make the world once and forever legally-based free from the nuclear tests the CTBT needs to be joined by those states which current non-participation in the Treaty is significantly questioning its effectiveness [….] Non-proliferation and refrain from nuclear tests are unequivocally the steps in the right direction. But we have to realize that they are not an end in itself. The only ultimate goal is total irreversible elimination of nuclear as well as other weapons of mass destruction.’’

Brazil: ”Brazil deeply regrets that, almost two decades after the conclusion of negotiations on the CTBT, there are still no prospects for its entry into force.”

Cambodia: ”My delegation continues to attach its importance to the Convention on the Test Ban Treaty, which Cambodia signed and ratified in 2000. While looking forward to its entry into force, Cambodia is of the view that deliberations on all provisions of CTBT need to be reviewed accordingly.”

Chile: ”A fundamental and inevitable step which we must traverse in the path of disarmament is the necessary putting-into-effect of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty […]Thus, we request a genuine demonstration of political leadership and responsibility of the States consigned in Annex 11, as a contribution to the preservation of international peace and security.’’

Community of Latin American countries and Caribbean States: “CELAC reiterates the importance of the early entry into force of the CTBT and urges those States in Annex II of the Treaty whose ratification is essential for its entry into force to accelerate the signature and/or ratification process of this instrument. We continue to call on all States to refrain from carrying out nuclear weapon test explosions, other nuclear explosions, or any other relevant non-explosive experiments, including subcritical tests. Such actions are contrary to the objectives and purpose of the CTBT’’.

Congo: ”This is an opportunity for my delegation to announce the filing, on September 2, 2014, by the Republic of Congo of its instrument of ratification of the CTBT […] We also seize this opportunity to encourage all other countries that have not yet done so to join the Treaty.”

Denmark: ’’We share this planet with more than 16,000 nuclear warheads, and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty has not yet entered into force. I am sure you will agree that this is not enhancing global security. Instead, we must build confidence and trust.’’

Ethiopia: ‘’We especially call upon the states in Annex II of the CTBT and whose ratifications are crucial for the Treaty’s entry into force. Ethiopia also welcomes the ratification of this vital treaty by Brunei Darussalam, Chad, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Congo Republic and Niue.’’

European External Action Service: ‘’The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty is of crucial importance to nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation and its entry into force and universalization remain top priorities for the EU.’’

France: ‘’The roadmap decided by the 2010 NPT Action Plan constitutes a common approach that commits all States Parties: the ‘step-by-step’ approach. It is a sequence for multilateral action, with the entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and the launch of negotiations on the Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty (FMCT). It is a logical sequence.’’

Hungary: ”Another essential building block still missing from the legal architecture of nuclear disarmament is the comprehensive ban on nuclear tests. Given the number of States Signatories, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) represents a nearly universal norm. Nevertheless, after almost two decades of its adoption, the entry-into-force of the Treaty remains elusive. This motivated us to undertake the duties of Article XIV coordinator, for the period between 2013 and 2015.”

Ireland: ‘’My delegation believes that we must continue all efforts to fulfill our obligations under the three pillars of the NPT to make the vision of a world free of nuclear weapons a reality. We are frustrated that the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty has not yet entered into force.”

Italy: ”The nuclear-weapons States have clear, unequivocal responsibilities in moving forward on nuclear disarmament. We welcome the encouraging steps they have taken and their increased transparency. Italy fully supports the entry into force of the Comprehensive Test-Ban Treaty, which will strengthen the international non-proliferation regime.”

Jamaica: ”We continue to underscore the need for the early entry into force of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. Renewed efforts should be made at the political level to bring it into force. There is need for renewed momentum and greater public awareness to bring pressure to bear on moving this process forward, especially in relation to ratification by the Annex II countries.”

Kazakhstan: ”The entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty is one of important elements for strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime.”

Lao People’s Democratic Republic: “Universal adherence to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) would certainly contribute to the promotion of nuclear disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation. However, 18 years after it was adopted, the CTBT remains ineffective. It is therefore, the duty of the international community is to ensure the entry into force of this Treaty and we have to be optimistic.”

Lesotho: ”While we welcome pronouncements by some states that they are committed to ratifying the CTBT, we, however, wish to emphasize that such pronouncements will be meaningless unless they are accompanied by concrete action towards ratification.’’

Madagascar: ”My delegation calls for this purpose, to ensure that the countries that have not signed the NPT and Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, to do so in order to achieve universal membership, for the latter its entry in force.”

Malaysia: ‘’Nuclear testing must remain in the annals of history, and Malaysia reaffirms our commitment to this goal.’’

Mongolia: ‘’Almost 20 years have passed since the CTBT was open for signature. Mongolia wishes to stress the importance that all States maintain the moratorium on all types of nuclear weapons. However, without legally-binding effect of entry into force of the CTBT, a de facto norm remains fragile.’’

Montenegro: ”Early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty must continue to be our priority. Montenegro subscribed to the joint statement from last month’s CTBT ministerial meeting, calling for prompt entry into force.”

Morocco: ”The Conclusion of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban in 1996 and the declaration of moratoria on nuclear testing have reflected an awareness of the international community of the need to put an end to these tests and prepare for general and complete disarmament, ending the qualitative development of nuclear weapons […] the ratification of the Treaty by the nuclear powers is crucial to the realization of this goal. Its universality will strengthen the nuclear nonproliferation regime and contribute to the establishment of a world free of nuclear weapons.”

Non-Aligned Movement: ‘’The Movement stresses the significance of achieving universal adherence to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, including by all Nuclear Weapons States (NWS), which, inter alia, should contribute to the process of nuclear disarmament. The Movement reiterates that if the objectives of the Treaty were to be fully realized, the continued commitment of all States signatories, especially the NWS, to nuclear disarmament would be essential.”

Paraguay: ”We further urge the effective enforcement of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, CTBT, of which our country is a party, as a first step toward our future generations enjoying a world entirely free of nuclear weapons and nuclear testing and Weapons Nuclear.”

Philippines: ”We have joined calls for the voluntary moratorium on all nuclear tests, pending the Treaty’s entry into force. It is, however, time to move from voluntary to mandatory through the CTBT’s entry into force.”

Republic of Estonia: ”Unfortunately today, 17 years later, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty has not entered into force. We urge the States, particularly those whose adherence is required for the CTBT to enter into force, to sign and ratify the treaty without further delay.”

Republic of Korea: “We must send a clear and united message to the DPRK that it cannot have the status of a nuclear weapon state in any circumstances, and that another nuclear test will be met with the most serious consequences. ‘’

Russian Federation: ‘’We ratified CTBT back in 2000. Long time ago we pulled back the non-strategic nuclear weapons to our territory and put them to the permanent storage sites having called on other states possessing such weapons to follow our example.’’

Spain: ‘’The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty will surely be another fundamental component in the disarmament architecture and non-proliferation when it enters into force.’’

The Holy See: “The Holy See urges all states to sign and/or ratify the CTBT without further delay, because it is a core element of the international nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime.’’

The United States: ‘’Ongoing P5 work on critical Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty inspection techniques will help enhance that Treaty’s verification regime. The United States will continue to create the conditions that will help us ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Secretary of State John Kerry and Secretary of Energy Ernie Moniz have both recently emphasized the need for this Treaty to finally enter into force.’’

Turkey: ‘’We welcome the ratification of the CTBT by Iraq, Brunei Darussalam, Chad, Guinea-Bissau, and Niue. The international community has spent enough time waiting for the Treaty to enter into force. We once again encourage all states, especially Annex II States, to ratify the Treaty, as soon as possible.”

Ukraine: ”We encourage the universalization of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty’s with a view that its entry into force will constitute a tangible stride in attaining the noble objective of a safe and peaceful world free of nuclear weapons.”

Uruguay: ”We once again emphasize the critical importance crucial for an early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Therefore, we urge those States listed in the Annex II of the Treaty to ratify at the earliest.”

Vietnam: ”We call for more signatures and ratifications of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty at the earliest possible opportunity, especially those by states who ratifications are necessary for the Treaty to enter into force.”


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