CTBTO Executive Secretary Lassina Zerbo and Deputy Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation Sergei Ryabkov use the current concerns about North Korea’s nuclear weapons as a starting point to remind the international community of the need to strengthen diplomatic efforts towards nuclear non-proliferation. An essential part of this effort with near to universal support is the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) which verifiably bans all nuclear weapon test explosions.

CTBTO SEPTEMBER 23_12.JPGCTBTO has established an effective International Monitoring System (IMS) to verify compliance to the Treaty. The system is already detecting and deterring nuclear explosive tests with its 302 completed detection facilities  in over 90 countries. “Certainly, all countries, including the United States and the rest of the remaining states, have benefited from the ban on nuclear testing established by the treaty. But without ratification of the nuclear test ban treaty by Washington and other key states, the door to the resumption of nuclear testing remains open, and the long-term legal and operational basis of the treaty, and international nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament regime as a whole, cannot be considered complete and effective.”

The CTBTO is also still working under “provisional” operations: “The full capabilities of the verification regime including monitoring system and on-site inspections, are not yet available because the treaty has still not formally entered into force, which requires 44 named countries possessing nuclear technology in 1996 to ratify the Treaty. Eight key states — the United States, China, Egypt, Iran and Israel — still need to ratify the nuclear test ban treaty, while North Korea, India and Pakistan, also need to, but have not yet signed it.” Lassina Zerbo and Sergei Ryabkov point out how the nations who still have to ratify the Treaty would benefit from its ratification, easing regional tensions and demonstrating leadership in nuclear issues. “The nuclear test ban treaty is too important to slowly fade away. The world will be a far more dangerous place if states resume nuclear testing.”

Read the full article here

Posted by: ctbtonewsroom | April 20, 2017

Executive Secretary Lassina Zerbo interviewed by France 24

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À l’heure où les tensions sont vives dans la péninsule coréenne, le Secrétaire Exécutif de l’Organisation du Traité d’interdiction complète des essais nucléaires (OTICE) revient sur ses préoccupations concernant l’état actuel de la menace nucléaire dans le monde et l’importance de l’entrée en vigueur du Traité d’interdiction complète des essais nucléaires.

En effet, la Corée du Nord semblerait sur le point de conduire son sixième essai nucléaire, ce qui a pour conséquence d’accroître les tensions avec les pays voisins et les États-Unis. Lassina Zerbo insiste sur l’importance d’un dialogue entre tous les acteurs et notamment  la Chine. Même si le pays n’a pas encore ratifié le traité, il demeure un partenaire important dans la lutte pour mettre fin aux essais nucléaires. Tout comme la Russie, la Chine participe activement au Système International de Surveillance du TICE et les deux pays demeurent des partenaires clés dans cette négociation.

Concernant l’importance de l’Organisation du Traité d’interdiction complète des essais nucléaires, Lassina Zerbo ajoute «J’espère que la pression que nous observons aujourd’hui sur le dossier nord-coréen va ouvrir les yeux de la communauté internationale pour l’entrée en vigueur du TICE, une étape essentielle pour la sécurité et paix internationales.

Zerbo soulève également le cas de l’Inde et du Pakistan. Aucun des deux pays n’a signé le TICE pour le moment. Aussi il est crucial d’obtenir la signature et la ratification de ces deux pays pour permettre la mise en œuvre du Traité d’interdiction complète des essais nucléaires.

Retrouvez l’intégralité de l’interview ici

At a time of growing tensions in the Korean peninsula, the Executive Secretary of the Comprehensive Test-Ban Treaty Organization talks about his concerns over the current nuclear threat in the world and he insists again on the urgency to ensure the entry into force of the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty.

Indeed, North Korea might be on the verge of conducting its sixth nuclear test, raising tensions among neighbouring countries and with the US. Zerbo insists on the need for dialogue among all stakeholders and points in particular to China. Even though the country has not yet ratified the CTBT, it is an important partner in the struggle to end nuclear testing. China, as well as Russia, are both actively involved in the International Monitoring System of the CTBTO and remain key actors also as concerns North Korea.

Speaking of the importance of the CTBTO, Zerbo says:  “I hope that the pressure we witness these days concerning North Korea will open the eyes of the international community to the necessity of the CTBT’s entry into force, which is an essential step towards international peace and security.”

Zerbo also touches upon the cases of India and Pakistan, neither of which have yet signed the Comprehensive Test-Ban Treaty.  For the Treaty to enter into force, the signature and ratification of these two countries are required.

Watch the whole interview here

Federica Mogherini, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice President of the European Commission gave the keynote at the Carnegie International Nuclear Policy Conference in Washington D.C. (20-21 March 2017).

federica mogherini.PNGIn her opening keynote, Federica Mogherini emphasizes that she has always been committed to nuclear non-proliferation and has thus been engaged with the CTBTO for a long time (including as a member of the Group of Eminent Persons – GEM). She argues that although nuclear non-proliferation is a life-time commitment, it is especially important at this particular moment in history to discuss nuclear policies and preserve the norms that have been established and agreed on over the last decades. CTBTO “has already provided the world with a truly global high-tech monitoring system for nuclear explosions, something that no single country alone would be able to do. Not only do we need to complete this global monitoring network, we must continue to argue for all countries, including the United States of America, to move towards ratification. This would be an investment in American security and in our collective security”, Mogherini says. According to her, the security of every nation’s citizens can only be achieved through non-proliferation and disarmament.

Watch the keynote address in full length here and read the full speech here.

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