Posted by: ctbtonewsroom | December 2, 2016

A Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban, editorial by Ernest Moniz

In an editorial for Science Magazine, US Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz says that a permanent end to nuclear explosive testing, combined with sustained reliable deterrence, is in the national security interest of the United States and its allies and friends.

Moniz says the two reasons why the Senate did not ratify the CTBT in 1999 were firstly, the newly created science-based stockpile stewardship program was not yet completed, and moniz_official_portrait_sitting.jpegsecondly there was still uncertainty about the ability to detect low-yield clandestine underground tests. He says since then the science and technology matured, and “the time has come to revisit CTBT ratification”.

“The next U.S. Administration and the Congress should revisit the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in view of current realities and work together toward enhanced security through ratification and an international push for entry into force.“

Original Article by Ernest Moniz, US Secretary of Energy

Photo: US Department of Energy

Former UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, Sergio Duarte, warns that the taboo against nuclear testing is at risk. That pressure to resume testing appears to be increasing, and the ongoing modernization of nuclear arsenals in several States could make their use justifiable and acceptable in a “limited” nuclear confrontation.duarte

“Once the taboo against testing is broken, the whole normative structure painstakingly built by the international community to curb the spread of nuclear weapons and advance the goal of nuclear disarmament will risk unraveling. The entry into force of the CTBT is a vital element to prevent such a dangerous development
and will also help to prevent an acceleration of the nuclear arms race and an escalation of regional and bilateral tensions.”

Original Article by Sergio Duarte, member of the Group of Eminent Persons and former United Nations High Representative for Disarmament Affairs 

 

Posted by: ctbtonewsroom | November 14, 2016

How to Ban Nuclear Tests, blog entry by UK Ambassador Leigh Turner

In the years between 1945 and 1996 the nuclear-weapons states have carried out about one nuclear test per week. That adds up to over 2000 in total. But since September 1996, only three countries have undertaken nuclear tests.  In this century, only North Korea has done so, with tests in 2006, 2009, 2013 and 2016 (twice).

What happened? – The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) was opened for signature. As well as discouraging testing, it also mandated the creation of the International Monitoring System (IMS) to provide a global monitoring capability to detect nuclear explosions.  The IMS can detect vibrations in the earth, sound in water, or radionuclide particulates and noble gases released by nuclear explosions.

Original Article by Leigh Turner, Ambassador to Austria and UK Permanent Representative to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Vienna

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