September 15, 2016

The text of the following statement was issued jointly by the Governments of China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Begin Text:

Our commitment to nuclear disarmament extends to efforts to bring the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) into force at an early date. We welcome that 183 States have signed the treaty and 166 States have ratified the Treaty, including several nuclear weapons States. We pledge to strive for the Treaty’s early ratification and prompt entry into force and urge all states that have not done so to sign and ratify the treaty. We take this opportunity to reaffirm our own moratoria on nuclear weapons test explosions or any other nuclear explosions pending the CTBT’s entry into force, as such moratoria are an example of responsible international behavior that contributes to international peace and stability, while stressing that such moratoria do not have the same permanent legally binding effect as entry into force. We call on other states to do likewise, recognizing that a nuclear-weapon test explosion or any other nuclear explosion would defeat the object and purpose of the CTBT.

The CTBT constrains the development and qualitative improvement of nuclear weapons and thereby provides an effective disarmament and nonproliferation measure. We further note that our nuclear stockpile maintenance and stewardship programs are consistent with NPT and CTBT objectives. We emphasize the very substantial efforts made in achieving the cessation of the nuclear arms race as called for in Article VI of the NPT and affirm our intention never to engage in such an arms race.

We are working closely with the Preparatory Commission for the CTBT Organization in Vienna on the development of the Treaty’s verification regime, including its International Monitoring System, International Data Centre, and On-Site Inspection, while recognizing the high effectiveness and reliability of this regime to date, the Preparatory Commission is currently operating the IMS and IDC, and their respective means of communication, on a testing and provisional basis. We continue to contribute extensively to the development of the Treaty’s on-site inspection element, supplying personnel, equipment, and research. This has been in addition to our long standing efforts to reinforce the organization’s detection capability through contributions in-kind, equipment transfers, and expert participation in Working Groups. We also call for all signatories to support efforts to complete the necessary preparation for the effective implementation of the CTBT’s verification regime, on its entry into force.

End text.

Link to Statement (US Department of State)

Mr Chairman, Excellencies, Distinguished Ladies and Gentlemen

  1. Today at 0.030 UTC, our verification system detected an unusual seismic event of magnitude close to 5. This was followed by an announcement by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea that it had conducted another nuclear test.
  1. We will share with you the details of our findings very shortly.
  1. But, let me take this opportunity to express my deep concerns over the announced nuclear tests by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
  1. Such actions clearly violate the established international norm against nuclear tests. They also present serious risks to the international peace and security.
  1. I call on the Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to refrain from further tests and consider ratifying the Treaty. As I have mentioned on previous occasions, we are ready to enter into negotiations with the DPRK on CTBT related issues.
  1. I should also note that today’s event serves as a wake-up call for urgent action to advance the entry into force of the Treaty. This leaves no excuse for further delays in ratification of the Treaty by the remaining States. It also highlights the importance of testing and validation of our verification regime.

 

For further information on the CTBT, please see www.ctbto.org – your resource on ending nuclear testing, or contact:.

Elisabeth Wächter,
Chief of Public Information
T    +43 1 26030-6375
E     Elisabeth.WAECHTER@ctbto.org
M    +43 699 1459 6375

Kirsten Gregorich Hansen,
Public Information Officer
T  +43 1 26030 6540
E kirsten.gregorich.hansen@ctbto.org
M +43 699 1459 6540

Early this morning the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) verification system detected seismic waveforms, which were likely caused by a nuclear test conducted by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). Subsequently the DPRK announced that it had conducted a nuclear test. If proven, it will be the country’s fifth such test, and the second conducted this year.

This is a matter of the utmost concern to the international community and must be regarded as entirely unacceptable in that it poses a grave threat to international peace and stability.

Today’s event is all the more reason why the Treaty should enter into force as soon as possible. I call on all nations to do everything they can to reach this goal.

The announced test is a clear violation of relevant UN Security Council resolutions. I call on the DPRK to fully comply with its international obligations.

183 States have signed and 164 States have ratified the CTBT. Further ratifications of the Treaty are expected imminently. In this year of the twentieth anniversary of the CTBT, the international community strongly holds that nuclear tests should be prohibited.

I also wish to congratulate the CTBTO and its staff for its work in building and maintaining the verification system. It has once again proved its effectiveness in providing essential data and products to State Signatories.

 

For further information on the CTBT, please see www.ctbto.org – your resource on ending nuclear testing,
or contact:.

Elisabeth Wächter,
Chief of Public Information
T    +43 1 26030-6375
E     Elisabeth.WAECHTER@ctbto.org
M    +43 699 1459 6375

Kirsten Gregorich Hansen,
Public Information Officer
T  +43 1 26030 6540
E kirsten.gregorich.hansen@ctbto.org
M +43 699 1459 6540

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