Federica Mogherini, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice President of the European Commission gave the keynote at the Carnegie International Nuclear Policy Conference in Washington D.C. (20-21 March 2017).

federica mogherini.PNGIn her opening keynote, Federica Mogherini emphasizes that she has always been committed to nuclear non-proliferation and has thus been engaged with the CTBTO for a long time (including as a member of the Group of Eminent Persons – GEM). She argues that although nuclear non-proliferation is a life-time commitment, it is especially important at this particular moment in history to discuss nuclear policies and preserve the norms that have been established and agreed on over the last decades. CTBTO “has already provided the world with a truly global high-tech monitoring system for nuclear explosions, something that no single country alone would be able to do. Not only do we need to complete this global monitoring network, we must continue to argue for all countries, including the United States of America, to move towards ratification. This would be an investment in American security and in our collective security”, Mogherini says. According to her, the security of every nation’s citizens can only be achieved through non-proliferation and disarmament.

Watch the keynote address in full length here and read the full speech here.

Posted by: ctbtonewsroom | February 28, 2017

Reforma Interview with CTBTO Executive Secretary Lassina Zerbo

Reproduced with permission from Reforma. Original article published on 21 February 2017 in Reforma.

The article is based on an interview with CTBTO Executive Secretary Lassina Zerbo conducted in Mexico City on the margins of the XXV Session of the OPANAL General Conference, which commemorated the 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Tlatelolco. Zerbo stresses that the international community should not lose sight of the goal of CTBT entry into force in light of the evolving focus and efforts to negotiate a treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons. Zerbo emphasizes we need to finish this marathon and that we are not far from meeting the goal.

 

 Pide apoyo a Tratado antinuclear

la-reforma-article

Author: Silvia Garduño

Entrevista. Lassina Zerbo. Secretario Ejecutivo del TPCE. Convoca a México para impulsar prohibición de ensayos atómicos en el mundo

 

La Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores (SRE) dejó fuera un asunto importante en la Declaración del 50 Aniversario del Tratado de Tlatelolco, celebrado el 14 de febrero.

Lassina Zerbo, Secretario Ejecutivo de la Organización del Tratado de Prohibición Completa de los Ensayos Nucleares (TPCE), lamentó que México y los países latinoamericanos no incluyeran en su declaración final del encuentro la necesidad de que este acuerdo, negociado hace más de 40 años, entre en vigor.

 

Advirtió que el foco de los países latinoamericanos está ahora en las negociaciones en Naciones Unidas por un Tratado Global contra Armas Nucleares.

“México está al frente de las discusiones para alcanzar un Tratado Global de Prohibición de Armas Nucleares. Pido a México que no pierda de vista lo que empezamos hace mucho tiempo.

“Pensé que México empujaría y garantizaría que el TPCE sería incluido en la Declaración de Tlatelolco, porque era el 50 aniversario del Tratado (de Tlatelolco)”, mencionó.

El funcionario originario de Burkina Faso afirmó estar a favor de alcanzar un mundo libre de armas nucleares, pero que para ello es importante acabar con el trabajo previo y asegurar la entrada en vigor del TPCE, que siguen sin firmar Pakistán, India y Corea del Norte, y sin ratificar Egipto, Israel, Irán, Estados Unidos y China. “Debemos asegurar que un tratado no avance a expensas del otro, y pongo como ejemplo la Declaración de Tlatelolco, porque por primera vez no vemos una referencia al cumplimiento del Tratado contra Ensayos Nucleares, todo el enfoque está en el Tratado de Prohibición de Armas Nucleares.

“No debemos perder de vista lo que todavía no está concluido, tenemos que terminar este maratón, no estamos lejos de alcanzar la meta”, comentó.

La organización que dirige Zerbo, que se encuentra en fase preparatoria, será la responsable de vigilar el cumplimiento del TPCE, una convención que prohíbe en su totalidad la realización de ensayos nucleares, a través de un sistema de monitoreo y verificación que ya se encuentra muy avanzado.

La red de sensores del sistema internacional de vigilancia está casi completada con 90 por ciento de las 337 estaciones laneadas actualmente operando.

 

Posted by: ctbtonewsroom | February 20, 2017

Media Advisory

Vienna, 20 Feb. 2017

In response to multiple inquiries over the past 48 hours, the CTBTO reports that the radionuclide (RN) stations of the International Monitoring System (IMS) are working normally.  The radioactive isotope Iodine-131 is produced by nuclear fission in nuclear explosions, power reactors, and industrial and medical isotope facilities.  It has an half-life of 8.02 days.  It is one of the radioactive isotopes that the 80 planned stations of CTBTO’s IMS continuously monitor for indications of nuclear test explosions.  Because of its wide industrial and medical uses, the CTBTO compares I-131 measurements against local historical levels.  Although I-131 is frequently detected at trace levels by the stations of the IMS all over the world, no detections above typical local historical levels have been observed in the past several months.

If a nuclear test were to take place that releases I-131 it would also be expected to release many other radioactive isotopes.   Thus the CTBTO measures many isotopes.  No other nuclear fission isotopes have been measured at elevated levels in conjunction with I-131 in Europe so far.

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